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Every word will be converted to its lemma (e.g. bricks > brick, taken > take) and will be shown on the graph as a node. Set to your language for more precise results. Switch off to turn off lemmatization and add your custom stop words list below.
 
Show on Graph:   Double Brackets [[]]:  Categories and Tags:   
Stop Words: ?
List the words, comma-separated (no spaces), that should not appear in the graph, in addition to your default global stopwords list.
Example: is,the,as,to,in

 
Synonym Nodes: ? unmerge all
If you'd like some words to appear as one node on the graph, in addition to your default global synonyms list, list the synonyms, one per line.
Example:
machine:machine learning
learning:machine learning

 

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Dynamic Graph Settings


See the dynamic evolution of this graph: scroll or "play" the text entries to see how the text propagated through the network graph over time.

the final graph

highlight propagation edge
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Export the currently filtered (visible) statements with all the meta-data tags (topics, sentiment).
CSV (Spreadsheet)   MD (e.g.Obsidian)  

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The raw data with all the statistics for further analysis in another software.
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All the Text:

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Project Notes:
InfraNodus
Top keywords (global influence):
Top topics (local contexts):
Explore the main topics and terms outlined above or see them in the excerpts from this text below.
See the relevant data in context: click here to show the excerpts from this text that contain these topics below.
Tip: use the form below to save the most relevant keywords for this search query. Or start writing your content and see how it relates to the existing search queries and results.
Tip: here are the keyword queries that people search for but don't actually find in the search results.

What are the highlights of Artificial Intelligence development in the past year or so. I define Artificial Intelligence as a Jolting technology, rather than a constant rate of doubling likely occur are accustomed with Moore's Law AI progresses with a shrinking rate of doubling its rate of acceleration is increasing. From the two years of Moore's law, Stanford University with open AI several years ago published their study, looking at AI doubling in power every four months. Starting with 2008, and then the CEO of Nvidia published their own data, according to which AI is doubling in power every two months.

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

So just to give a little bit of a perspective, they're doubling every two months means six doublings in a year 12 doublings in two years. So comparing AI with the doubling of more slot, one doubling in two years, it is 248 1632 64 128 256 512 1024 2048 4096. So in the same period of time that Moore's Law enabled electronics to improve to fold, AI improves over 4000 times in its power. Now, what did this mean concretely, over the past year or so, if you look around you, the world doesn't seem to have been radically transformed by it. Let me give you a few examples to show how actually, it is being transformed. One of the achievements of 2020 was the release of GPT. Three. In New York neural network model with 175 billion parameters. Microsoft acquired it with an exclusive license for a billion dollars. And it is putting it at work in various applications. One of the most recent ones is called GitHub co pilot. GitHub is a repository of open source software that also Microsoft bought for

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

$7.5 billion. The most popular such repository in the world, where programmers can store their own work or collaborate with others, improving each other's code. GitHub co pilot is a special version of GPT three that is able to generate lines of code from a prompt basically, you start writing in some given number of programming languages. And co pilot will suggest how you might want to continue writing the code that you are writing. Already, Microsoft observes that 30% of new new code being written in GitHub is generated with the help of co pilot. Now, this code will still need to be reviewed, and it is not writing itself unique to prompt it. It also it will need to definitely cover a larger number of languages, but already it is increasing the productivity of the programmers that are employing it. And this kind of productivity increase is what we can expect Artificial Intelligence to enable us to achieve in basically every field of intellectual endeavor. There are also other

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

applications of GPT three, for example for generating marketing copy. Another example that I want to cite is alpha fold by DeepMind. DeepMind is Google's division for Artificial Intelligence. We have seen their previous exploits in, for example, designing a neural network that was able to beat the world champion of the game of Go, and then improve it many times over so that it could be trained faster, without the help of the libraries of human matches. And now, they apply their expertise in designing neural networks to solve

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

a scientific problem that has been standing for more than 50 years. And it is the problem of protein folding. The reason why this deeply matters is because the shape of proteins is what defines their function. They don't have actuators, they don't have sensors, they don't have eyes or ears or legs or arms, the only thing they can do is to be and through being of a certain shape is what makes them do the good or the bad things that happen in every biological organism. Already, alpha fold has been used to study and release freely, the database of the entire human proteome, all the proteins that our body creates and uses. And it is expected that shortly the larger database of every known protein, over 100 million proteins will be released as well. And this is free not only for academic research, but it is free for commercial applications as well. Imagine the ability to turbocharge your scientific or industrial quest for any kind of application that uses proteins with the help of this

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

kind of database without having to go through the trial and error that was required before because you know, what you can expect from the proteins that you are working with. The third example that I want to cite is not a specific application, but a base technology itself. And it is called Auto ml. The ability of machine learning systems to configure themselves in an unsupervised fashion. Neural networks are fundamentally important in the world of computer science today, they require huge amounts of carefully curated data, they require the selection of the appropriate algorithms to analyze the data. And they require stages of fine tuning. And then closing the feedback loop of how to introduce new sets of data in order to specifically tailor the neural network for a given application or another. And then tire industry has been born to support this called ml ops how the operations for employing and deploying neural networks and machine learning should work. Auto ML is the application of

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

neural networks to the task of analyzing fine tuning, deploying, upgrading and maintaining neural networks for machine learning tasks. And it will absolutely dominate the field going forward. An important consequence is going to be also that of democratizing the access to tools that previously were available only for companies with billion dollar budgets. In the future, everyone can be if they want to, and Artificial Intelligence engineer

   edit   deselect   + to AI

 

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semantic variability:
×  ⁝⁝ 
×  ⁝⁝ 
Semantic Variability Score
— modulates diversity of the discourse network  how it works?
The score is calculated based on how modular the structure of the graph is (> 0.4 means the clusters are distinct and separate from one another = multiple perspectives). It also takes into account how the most influential nodes are dispersed among those clusters (higher % = lower concentration of power in a particular cluster).
Actionable Insight:

N/A

We distinguish 4 states of variability in your discourse. We recommend that a well-formed discourse should go through every stage during its evolution (in several iterations).

  1 - (bottom left quadrant) — biased — low variability, low diversity, one central idea (genesis and introduction stage).
  2 - (top right) - focused - medium variability and diversity, several concepts form a cluster (coherent communication stage).
  3 - (bottom right) - diversified — there are several distinct clusters of main ideas present in text, which interact on the global level but maintain specificity (optimization and reflection stage).
  4 - (left top) — dispersed — very high variability — there are disjointed bits and pieces of unrelated ideas, which can be used to construct new ideas (creative reformulation stage).

Read more in the cognitive variability help article.
Generate AI Suggestions
Your Workflow Variability:
 
Shows to what extent you explored all the different states of the graph, from uniform and regular to fractal and complex. Read more in the cognitive variability help article.

You can increase the score by adding content into the graph (your own and AI-generated), as well as removing the nodes from the graph to reveal latent topics and hidden patterns.
Phases to Explore:
AI Suggestions  
×  ⁝⁝ 
     
Main Topical Clusters:

please, add your data to display the stats...
+     full table   ?     Show Categories

The topical clusters are comprised of the nodes (words) that tend to co-occur together in the same context (next to each other).

We use a combination of clustering and graph community detection algorithm (Blondel et al based on Louvain) to identify the groups of nodes are more densely connected together than with the rest of the network. They are aligned closer to each other on the graph using the Force Atlas algorithm (Jacomy et al) and are given a distinct color.
Most Influential Elements:
please, add your data to display the stats...
+     Reveal Non-obvious   ?

AI Paraphrase Graph

We use the Jenks elbow cutoff algorithm to select the top prominent nodes that have significantly higher influence than the rest.

Click the Reveal Non-obvious button to remove the most influential words (or the ones you select) from the graph, to see what terms are hiding behind them.

The most influential nodes are either the ones with the highest betweenness centrality — appearing most often on the shortest path between any two randomly chosen nodes (i.e. linking the different distinct communities) — or the ones with the highest degree.
Network Structure:
N/A
?
The network structure indicates the level of its diversity. It is based on the modularity measure (>0.4 for medium, >0.65 for high modularity, measured with Louvain (Blondel et al 2008) community detection algorithm) in combination with the measure of influence distribution (the entropy of the top nodes' distribution among the top clusters), as well as the the percentage of nodes in the top community.


Reset Graph   Export: Show Options
Action Advice:
N/A
Structural Gap
(ask a research question that would link these two topics):
N/A
Reveal the Gap   ?   Generate an AI Question
 
A structural gap shows the two distinct communities (clusters of words) in this graph that are important, but not yet connected. That's where the new potential and innovative ideas may reside.

This measure is based on a combination of the graph's connectivity and community structure, selecting the groups of nodes that would either make the graph more connected if it's too dispersed or that would help maintain diversity if it's too connected.

Latent Topical Brokers
(less visible terms that link important topics):
N/A
?

These are the latent brokers between the topics: the nodes that have an unusually high rate of influence (betweenness centrality) to their freqency — meaning they may appear not as often as the most influential nodes but they are important narrative shifting points.

These are usually brokers between different clusters / communities of nodes, playing not easily noticed and yet important role in this network, like the "grey cardinals" of sorts.

Emerging Keywords
N/A

Evolution of Topics
(number of occurrences per text segment) ?
The chart shows how the main topics and the most influential keywords evolved over time. X-axis: time period (split into 10% blocks). Y-axis: cumulative number of occurrences.

Drag the slider to see how the narrative evolved over time. Select the checkbox to recalculate the metrics at every step (slower, but more precise).

 
Main Topics
(according to Latent Dirichlet Allocation):
loading...
 ?  

LDA stands for Latent Dirichlet Allocation — it is a topic modelling algorithm based on calculating the maximum probability of the terms' co-occurrence in a particular text or a corpus.

We provide this data for you to be able to estimate the precision of the default InfraNodus topic modeling method based on text network analysis.
Most Influential Words
(main topics and words according to LDA):
loading...

We provide LDA stats for comparison purposes only. It works with English-language texts at the moment. More languages are coming soon, subscribe @noduslabs to be informed.

Sentiment Analysis


positive: | negative: | neutral:
reset filter    ?  

We analyze the sentiment of each statement to see whether it's positive, negative, or neutral. You can filter the statements by sentiment (clicking above) and see what kind of topics correlate with every mood.

The approach is based on AFINN and Emoji Sentiment Ranking

 
Use the Bert AI model for English, Dutch, German, French, Spanish and Italian to get more precise results (slower). Standard model is faster, works for English only, is less precise, and is based on a fixed AFINN dictionary.

Keyword Relations Analysis:

please, select the node(s) on the graph see their connections...
+   ⤓ download CSV   ?

Use this feature to compare contextual word co-occurrences for a group of selected nodes in your discourse. Expand the list by clicking the + button to see all the nodes your selected nodes are connected to. The total influence score is based on betweenness centrality measure. The higher is the number, the more important are the connections in the context of the discourse.
Top Relations / Bigrams
(both directions):

⤓ Download   ⤓ Directed Bigrams CSV   ?

The most prominent relations between the nodes that exist in this graph are shown above. We treat the graph as undirected by default. Occurrences shows the number of the times a relationship appears in a 4-gram window. Weight shows the weight of that relation.

As an option, you can also downloaded directed bigrams above, in case the direction of the relations is important (for any application other than language).

Text Statistics:
Word Count Unique Lemmas Characters Lemmas Density
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Text Network Statistics:
Show Overlapping Nodes Only

⤓ Download as CSV  ⤓ Download an Excel File
Network Structure Insights
 
mind-viral immunity:
N/A
  ?
stucture:
N/A
  ?
The higher is the network's structure diversity and the higher is the alpha in the influence propagation score, the higher is its mind-viral immunity — that is, such network will be more resilient and adaptive than a less diverse one.

In case of a discourse network, high mind-viral immunity means that the text proposes multiple points of view and propagates its influence using both highly influential concepts and smaller, secondary topics.
The higher is the diversity, the more distinct communities (topics) there are in this network, the more likely it will be pluralist.
The network structure indicates the level of its diversity. It is based on the modularity measure (>0.4 for medium, >0.65 for high modularity, measured with Louvain (Blondel et al 2008) community detection algorithm) in combination with the measure of influence distribution (the entropy of the top nodes' distribution among the top clusters), as well as the the percentage of nodes in the top community.

Modularity
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Influence Distribution
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Topics Nodes in Top Topic Components Nodes in Top Comp
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Nodes Av Degree Density Weighed Betweenness
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Narrative Influence Propagation:
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The chart above shows how influence propagates through the network. X-axis: lemma to lemma step (narrative chronology). Y-axis: change of influence.

The more even and rhythmical this propagation is, the stronger is the central idea or agenda (see alpha exponent below ~ 0.5 or less).

The more variability can be seen in the propagation profile, the less is the reliance on the main concepts (agenda), the stronger is the role of secondary topical clusters in the narrative.
propagation dynamics: | alpha exponent: (based on Detrended Fluctuation Analysis of influence) ?   show the chart
We plot the narrative as a time series of influence (using the words' betweenness score). We then apply detrended fluctuation analysis to identify fractality of this time series, plotting the log2 scales (x) to the log2 of accumulated fluctuations (y). If the resulting loglog relation can be approximated on a linear polyfit, there may be a power-law relation in how the influence propagates in this narrative over time (e.g. most of the time non-influential words, occasionally words with a high influence).

Using the alpha exponent of the fit (which is closely related to Hurst exponent)), we can better understand the nature of this relation: uniform (pulsating | alpha <= 0.65), variable (stationary, has long-term correlations | 0.65 < alpha <= 0.85), fractal (adaptive | 0.85 < alpha < 1.15), and complex (non-stationary | alpha >= 1.15).

For maximal diversity, adaptivity, and plurality, the narrative should be close to "fractal" (near-critical state). For fiction, essays, and some forms of poetry — "uniform". Informative texts will often have "variable + stationary" score. The "complex" state is an indicator that the text is always shifting its state.

Degree Distribution:
  calculate & show   ?
(based on kolmogorov-smirnov test) ?   switch to linear
Using this information, you can identify whether the network has scale-free / small-world (long-tail power law distribution) or random (normal, bell-shaped distribution) network properties.

This may be important for understanding the level of resilience and the dynamics of propagation in this network. E.g. scale-free networks with long degree tails are more resilient against random attacks and will propagate information across the whole structure better.
If a power-law is identified, the nodes have preferential attachment (e.g. 20% of nodes tend to get 80% of connections), and the network may be scale-free, which may indicate that it's more resilient and adaptive. Absence of power law may indicate a more equalized distribution of influence.

Kolmogorov-Smirnov test compares the distribution above to the "ideal" power-law ones (^1, ^1.5, ^2) and looks for the best fit. If the value d is below the critical value cr it is a sign that the both distributions are similar.
Please, enter a search query to visualize the difference between what people search for (related queries) and what they actually find (search results):

 
We will build two graphs:
1) Google search results for your query;
2) Related searches for your query (Google's SERP);
Click the Missing Content tab to see the graph that shows the difference between what people search for and what they actually find, indicating the content you could create to fulfil this gap.
Please, enter a search query to discover what else people are searching for (from Google search or AdWords suggestions):

 
We will build a graph of the search phrases related to your query (Google's SERP suggestions).
Find a market niche for a certain product, category, idea or service: what people are looking for but cannot yet find*

 
We will build two graphs:
1) the content that already exists when you make this search query (informational supply);
2) what else people are searching for when they make this query (informational demand);
You can then click the Niche tab to see the difference between the supply and the demand — what people need but do not yet find — the opportunity gap to fulfil.
Please, enter your query to visualize Google search results as a graph, so you can learn more about this topic:

   advanced settings    add data manually
Discover the main topics, recurrent themes, and missing connections in any text or an article:  
Discover the main themes, sentiment, recurrent topics, and hidden connections in open survey responses:  
Discover the main themes, sentiment, recurrent topics, and hidden connections in customer product reviews:  
Enter a search query to analyze the Twitter discourse around this topic (last 7 days):

     advanced settings    add data manually

Enter a topic or a @user to analyze its social network on Twitter:

 advanced settings    add data manually

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